The comparatives and Superlatives

Comparatives

·        We use comparatives to compare two things i.e John is taller than Mary

·        We use superlatives to compare one thing with the rest of the group it belongs to.

i.e. John is the tallest in the class

Formation

1. One syllable adjective  we add er (comparative) est (superlative) cheap cheaper cheapest

2. One syllable adjective ending in consonant+vowel+consonant  dobles de consonant

i.e. hot hotter the hottest

3. Two syllable adjectives ending in  “ Y “ replace the “Y” with –ier

i.e.  happy  happier  the happiest

4. Two or more syllable adjectives we add more/less (Comparative)

the most/the least (superlative)    i.e more beautiful than    the most beautiful

5. Irregular adjectives

good   better    the best

bad     worse    the worst

far      farther   the farthest

further  the furthest

Enough and too

Enough means “sufficient” enough comes after adjectives and adverbs

too means “more than enough” or “more than is needed or wanted”

Too comes before adjectives and adverbs

i.e It isn’t hot enough to go for a swim

i.e. it is too cold to go for a swim

exercises  1 (enough or too)

1-Complete These sentences with the correct adjective

1. Apples are…………………………. than chips.  (healthy)
2. Elephants are………………………….. (big) than bears.
3. Gold is …………………………………… than silver. (expensive)
4. Bikes are ……………………………… than cars. (slow)
5. I am …………………………..at English than my brother .(good)
6. My friend is ……………………………than me. (tall)
7. Sandy is …………………………… than Tamara. (thin)
8. My father is………………………. than Tom’s father. (strong)
9. “Harry Potter “books are……………………………….. than “The Book of the Jungle”. (interesting)
10. The tiger is…………………………. than a fox .(heavy)
11. The weather is……………………………. than yesterday . (hot)
12. The girls are ……………………………….than the boys. (happy)
13. Berta is ………………………………than Debby.(beautiful)
14.French is ………………………than English. (difficult)
15. Tina is 5 years old. Sandra is 10 years old. Sandra is ………………………… than Tina.(old)
16. Russia is …………………………. than France. (large)
17. I am ……………………………….at maths than my best friend (bad)
18. Love is……………………………… than money.(important)
19. His car is…………………………………. than mine. (cheap)
20. The first movie is …………………………………………than the second.I don’t recommend it. (boring)

2-Complete this chart

cheap –

good –
funny- – the funniest
nice –   nicer        –
bad – – the worst
smart –
hungry- hungrier  –
fat – -the fattest

careful- more careful-

famous-
difficult-
popular- – the most popular
lazy-     – lazier             –
hot-
intelligent- -the most intelligent
exciting-    more exciting    –
easy-
Comparative-Superlative Quiz
1. Which girl is ________? Dana or Karen?

young
the youngest
younger
more young

2. Tomer is _________ boy in the class.

the strongest
stronger
strong
the most strong

3. The China Wall is _____ wall in the world.
the longest

more long
longer
long


4. February is ______ than April.
short

the shortest

 

shorter

 

most short

5. I am ______ at music than my old sister.
good

better
goodest
the best

6. Ice hockey is __________ sport in Canada.
popular

the most popular
more popular
populariest

7. Amalia is  ___________ girl in the class.
the cleverest

clever
cleverer
more clever

8. Swimming is ______________ than running.
exciting

more exciting
excited
the most exciting

9. Traveling by plane is________ than traveling by ship.
fastest

fast
faster
more fastest

10. Jerusalem is  _________ city in Israel.
the biggest

big
bigger
biggest

11. The weather this week is _________ than last week.
bader

bad
the worst
worse

Exercise one

Exercise two

Exercise Three

Exercise four

Exercise five

To practise the superlatives go here

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