Some, any + -body / -one, + -thing, + -whereThe compounds of some andany behave in the same way as some and any,
that is to say, some-, in affirmative sentences and, any-,
in negatives and questions, although we use some-
in the interrogative to offer something, to ask for something or when we expect a positive response, as we saw in the previous unit.
Examples:I saw somebody there.
I did not see anybody there.
Did you see anybody there?
Would you like something better?
Instead of I did not see anybody there, we can say I saw nobody there, but we cannot use two negative words: *I did not see nobody there.
Anybody, nobody and somebody mean the same as anyone, no-one andnobody respectively. No-one can also be written no one.
Any can also mean “every” or “it does not matter which / who”:
You can take any pencil.
Anybody can do it. It’s very easy.
|some||algo, algunos||1. Afirmative sentences2. Interrogative sentences when they mean
invitation or when an affirmative answer
|somewhere||en algún sitio|
|any||algo, algunos, ningún||1. Interrogative sentences
2. Negative sentences (to have a negative
meaning “any” has to follow “not”)3. Affirmative sentences meaning “cualquier”
|anywhere||en algún (ningún) sitio|
|no||ningún||1. Affirmative or interrogative sentences,
to which they confer a negative meaning.2. Mainly used as subjects.
|none||ninguno (para cosas)|
|nowhere||en ninguna parte|
|every||todos, cada||Affirmative, negative or interrogative sentences|
|everybody||todo el mundo|
|everything||todas las cosas|
|everywhere||en todas partes|
Let’s see the following examples to end with:
Somebody told me you were abroad.
Nobody came to the meeting.
Was there anybody in the house?
I want something to eat.
I don’t need anything.
I need nothing.
Would you like something to drink?
Is there anything in that drawer?
I want to go somewhere else.
I didn’t go anywhere.
I went nowhere.
Have you seen my car keys anywhere?