Commands, orders, requests with to/ not to
example ” bring the book here“
She said to bring the book there
“don’t talk loudly”
She said not to talk loudly
Statements- we have to change :
SUBJECT/ VERB/ PARTICLES,POSSESSIVE
Shifting of expressions of time
|this (evening)||that (evening)|
|today/this day||that day|
|these (days)||those (days)|
|(a week) ago||(a week) before|
|last weekend||the weekend before / the previous weekend|
|next (week)||the following (week)|
|tomorrow||the next/following day|
Verbs: direct speech reported speech
present….. changes into … past
will ….. ……. changes into…. would
can changes into could
must changes into had to
past simple changes into Past perfect Had + V participle
Exemple: I’m coming tomorrow
She said she was coming the next day
Questions: Two types
One with question word – we write the question word and the sentence with no question,Subject first, we don’t include do or did
“Where do you live”? she said where I lived
two with no question word – then we write if or whether
“do you play football?” she asked if I played football
Form and meaning
We use reporting verbs to report what someone said more accurately than using say and tell.
Verb + infinitive
agree, decide, offer, promise, refuse, threaten
- They agreed to meet on Friday.
- He refused to take his coat off.
Verb + object + infinitive
advise, encourage, invite, remind, warn
- Tom advised me to go home early.
- She reminded me to telephone my mother.
Verb + gerund
deny, recommend, suggest
- They recommended taking the bus.
- She suggested meeting a little earlier.
Verb + object + preposition (+ gerund)
accuse, blame, congratulate
- He accused me of taking the money.
- They congratulated me on passing all my exams.
Verb + preposition + gerund
- They apologised for not coming.
- He insisted on having dinner.
Verb + (that) + subject + verb
admit, agree, decide, deny, explain, insist, promise, recommend, suggest
tell, say,ask, apologise, offer, agree,deny, refuse…………………………………….
“You are right” She agreed
“No, I won’t do it” She refused to do it
|1||“I didn’t do it,” she said.|
|She ________________ doing it.|
|2||“Have lunch with me,” she said.|
|She ________________ me to have lunch with her.|
|3||“Why don’t you buy one?” said Tom.|
|Tom ________________ I buy one.|
|4||“I promise I’ll take you to Prague,” said Mary.|
|Mary ________________ to take me to Prague.|
|5||“I hope Andy phones tonight,” said Clare.|
|Clare ________________ Andy would phone that night.|
|6||“Please, please don’t tell anyone!” he said.|
|He ________________ me not to tell anyone.|
|7||“I won’t do it,” he said.|
|He ________________ to do it.|
|8||“You should have lessons,” she said.|
|She ________________ me to have lessons.|
|9||“We really must go with you,” they said.|
|They ________________ on going with me.|
|10||“Don’t forget to phone Granny,” said Mum.|
|Mum ________________ me to phone Granny.|
|11||“If you wear my T-shirt again, I’ll pinch you very hard,” said Maggy.|
|Maggie ________________ to pinch me very hard if I wore her T-shirt again.|
|12||“Don’t fly kites near electric overhead cables,” said my father.|
|My father ________________ me not to fly kites near electric overhead cables.|
To know more about reporting verbs we can watch this video
Filed under: grammar |