Unit 3 Our Future

 

Vocabulary:

People in our lives

Word Building

Grammar:

Future forms

Future continuous and Future perfect

Contrast connectors

addition connectors

The future continuous (will be + ‘ing’ form) and the future perfect (will have + past participle) tenses are used to talk about events in the future.

Future continuous

  • Don’t ring at 8 o’clock. I’ll be watching Who Wants to be a Millionaire.
  • This time tomorrow we’ll be sitting on the beach. I can’t wait!

We use the future continuous to talk about something that will be in progress at or around a time in the future.

  • Don’t phone grandma now, she’ll be having dinner.
  • The kids are very quiet. They’ll be doing something wrong, I know it!

These sentences are not about the future but we can use the future continuous to talk about what we assume is happening at the moment.

 

The FUTURE PERFECT TENSE indicates that an action will have been completed (finished or “perfected”) at some point in the future. This tense is formed with “will” plus “have” plus the past participle of the verb (which can be either regular or irregular in form): “I will have spent all my money by this time next year. I will have run successfully in three marathons if I can finish this one.”

FORM

The future perfect is composed of two elements
the simple future of the verb “to have” (will have) + the past participle of the main verb

Subject + will have + past participle of the main verb
He will have finished.
I will have finished.
TO ARRIVE, FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
Affirmative Negative Interrogative Negative Interrogative
I will have arrived I won’t have arrived Will I have arrived? Won’t I have arrived?
You will have arrived You won’t have arrived Will you have arrived? Won’t you have arrived?
He will have arrived He won’t have arrived Will he have arrived? Won’t he have arrived?
We will have arrived We won’t have arrived Will we have arrived? Won’t we have arrived?
They will have arrived They won’t have arrived Will they have arrived? Won’t they have arrived?

FUNCTION

The future perfect tense refers to a completed action in the future. When we use this tense we are projecting ourselves forward into the future and looking back at an action that will be completed some time later than now. It is most often used with a time expression.

EXAMPLES
  • I will have been here for six months on June 23rd.
  • By the time you read this I will have left.
  • You will have finished your report by this time next week.
  • Won’t they have arrived by 5:00?
  • Will you have eaten when I pick you up

 

How do we use the Future Perfect Tense?

The Future Perfect tense expresses action in the future before another action in the future. This is the past in the future. For example:

  • The train will leave the station at 9am. You will arrive at the station at 9.15am. When you arrive, the train will have left.

 

  • Look at some more examples:
    • You can call me at work at 8am. I will have arrived at the office by 8.
    • They will be tired when they arrive. They will not have sleptfor a long time.
    • “Mary won’t be at home when you arrive.” / “Really? Wherewill she have gone?”

We often use the future perfect with ‘by’ or ‘in

  • I think astronauts will have landed on Mars by the year 2020.
  • I’ll have finished in an hour and then you can use the computer.

By’ means ‘not later than a particular time’ and ‘in’ means ‘within a period of time’. We don’t know exactly when something will finish.

  • I promise I’ll have done all the work by next Saturday.

Test 1

Activities do do

I’m a legend

Clarifying your own ideas

In other words,

What I mean is . . .

What I’m trying to say is . . .

What I wanted to say was . . .

To clarify,


Asking for Clarification

What do you mean (by that)?

What are you trying to say?

What was that again?

Could you clarify that?


Clarifying another’s ideas

You mean . . .

What you mean is . . .

What you’re saying is . . .

(I think) what she means is . . .

What he’s trying to say is . . .

If I understand you, (you’re saying that . . . )

If I’m hearing you correctly,

So, you think (that) . . .

So, your idea is . . .

 

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