- Extreme adjectives
Gerunds and infinitives
1- Verbs with Infinitive or gerund, with little difference o no difference in meaning Begin
I begin to learn French
I begin learning French
2- Verbs followed by Infinitive
Want I want to eat
Decide I decide not to come to the party
Need/ Agree /Promise /Ask /Plan/Hope
Learn/ Would like/ Offer/ Threaten/Refuse
2.1 Verb + object + infinitive
advise, encourage, invite, remind, warn,permit, allow,require
- Tom advised me to go home early.
- She reminded me to telephone my mother.
2.2 Adjectives such as easy/ sad/lucky, hard, careful are followed by an infiniti
3- Verbs followed by Gerund
Verbs that express preferences
Like I like travelling
I can’t stand / I feel like / I don’t mind
Avoid /suggest/admit/deny/ consider/ recommend
3.1 Verb + object + preposition (+ gerund)
accuse, blame, congratulate
- He accused me of taking the money.
- They congratulated me on passing all my exams.
3.2 Verb + preposition + gerund
- They apologised for not coming.
- He insisted on having dinner.
3.3 We use gerunds after a preposition
Please have a drink before leaving
4 VERBS THAT CAN HAVE INFINITIVE OR GERUND OBJECTS,
but with a difference in meaning:
|Stop + gerundmeans to finish an action in progress:
- I stopped working for them because the wages were so low.
Stop tickling me!
Stop + to-infinitive means to interrupt an activity in order to do something else, so the infinitive is used to express a purpose:
- I stopped to have lunch. (= I was working, or travelling, and I interrupted what I was doing in order to eat.)
- It’s difficult to concentrate on what you are doing if you have to stop to answer the phone every five minutes.
|Try + gerundmeans to experiment with an action that might be a solution to your problem.
- If you have problems sleeping, you could trydoing some yoga before you go to bed, or you could try drinking some warm milk.
- ‘I can’t get in touch with Carl.’ ‘Have you tried e-mailing him?’
Try + to-infinitive means to make an effort to do something. It may be something very difficult or even impossible:
- The surgeons tried to save his life but he died on the operating table.
- We’ll try to phone at 6 o’clock, but it might be hard to find a public telephone.
- Elephants and mice have to try to livetogether in harmony.
|Forget, regret and remember:
|When these verbs are followed by a gerund, the gerund refers to an action that happened earlier:
- I remember locking the door (= I remember now, I locked the door earlier)
- He regretted speaking so rudely.(= he regretted at some time in the past, he had spoken rudely at some earlier time in the past.)
Forget is frequently used with ‘never’in the simple future form:
- I’ll never forget meeting the Queen.
When these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, the infinitive refers to an action happening at the same time, or later:
- I remembered to lock the door(= I thought about it, then I did it.) Remember to take your passport when you go abroad.
- Don’t forget to buy some eggs!(= Please think about it and then do it.)
- We regret to announce the late arrival of the 12.45 from Paddington. (= We feel sorry before we tell you this bad news.)
exercise one two three four five