Unit 4 Going places


  • Holidays
  • Extreme adjectives


Gerunds and infinitives

1- Verbs with Infinitive or gerund, with little difference o no difference in meaning Begin       

I begin to learn French

I begin learning French



2- Verbs followed by Infinitive

Want        I want to eat

Decide      I decide not to come to the party

 Need/ Agree /Promise /Ask /Plan/Hope

Learn/ Would like/ Offer/ Threaten/Refuse

 2.1 Verb + object + infinitive

advise, encourage, invite, remind, warn,permit, allow,require

  • Tom advised me to go home early.
  • She reminded me to telephone my mother.

2.2 Adjectives such as easy/ sad/lucky, hard, careful are followed by an infinitive.

It is hard to believe, It is easy to do.


3-   Verbs followed by Gerund

Verbs that express preferences

Like      I like travelling

Prefer /love/fancy/enjoy/

   I can’t stand / I feel like / I don’t mind

Avoid /suggest/admit/deny/ consider/ recommend


3.1 Verb + object + preposition (+ gerund)

accuse, blame, congratulate

  • He accused me of taking the money.
  • They congratulated me on passing all my exams.

3.2 Verb + preposition + gerund

apologise, insist

  • They apologised for not coming.
  • He insisted on having dinner.

3.3  We use gerunds after a preposition

Please have a drink before leaving


but with a difference in meaning:

Stop + gerundmeans to finish an action in progress:

  • I stopped working for them because the wages were so low.
    Stop tickling me!

Stop + to-infinitive means to interrupt an activity in order to do something else, so the infinitive is used to express a purpose:

  • I stopped to have lunch. (= I was working, or travelling, and I interrupted what I was doing in order to eat.)
  • It’s difficult to concentrate on what you are doing if you have to stop to answer the phone every five minutes.
Try + gerundmeans to experiment with an action that might be a solution to your problem.

  • If you have problems sleeping, you could trydoing some yoga before you go to bed, or you could try drinking some warm milk.
  • ‘I can’t get in touch with Carl.’ ‘Have you tried e-mailing him?’

Try + to-infinitive means to make an effort to do something. It may be something very difficult or even impossible:

  • The surgeons tried to save his life but he died on the operating table.
  • We’ll try to phone at 6 o’clock, but it might be hard to find a public telephone.
  • Elephants and mice have to try to livetogether in harmony.
Forget, regret and remember:
When these verbs are followed by a gerund, the gerund refers to an action that happened earlier:

  • I remember locking the door (= I remember now, I locked the door earlier)
  • He regretted speaking so rudely.(= he regretted at some time in the past, he had spoken rudely at some earlier time in the past.)

Forget is frequently used with ‘never’in the simple future form:

  • I’ll never forget meeting the Queen.

When these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, the infinitive refers to an action happening at the same time, or later:

  • I remembered to lock the door(= I thought about it, then I did it.) Remember to take your passport when you go abroad.
  • Don’t forget to buy some eggs!(= Please think about it and then do it.)
  • We regret to announce the late arrival of the 12.45 from Paddington. (= We feel sorry before we tell you this bad news.)

5.Bare infinitives:

Let me know.  Watch me drive.  Who makes you laugh.

modal verbs: I can do/ I must write  etc.


exercise one two three  four five

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